This article compares democracy and autocracy, two forms of governance with contrasting ideologies and implications. Democracy, a system of government where power is distributed among the people, values citizen participation, representation, and safeguards individual rights and freedoms. Conversely, an autocracy concentrates power within a single ruler or a small group and often suppresses political participation and individual rights. Each system has unique strengths and weaknesses relating to decision-making processes, power distribution, political participation, and the protection of rights and freedoms.
Social order, a dynamic, complex system enabled by various societal processes, encompasses diverse dimensions such as economic, social, political, and technological aspects. This article discusses the economic order, and elucidates the definitions of social and economic orders from an economist’s perspective. It also examines the relationship between societal subsystems, individual interactions, and social order. Furthermore, digital and government orders are explored, including their potential drawbacks, within the context of resource allocation, market failure, and social welfare.
Elasticity in economics represents the sensitivity of economic parameters like demand, supply, and prices, among others, to changes in affecting factors. It includes price elasticity of demand, which assesses demand changes if prices increase, and income and cross-price elasticity in household theory. Additionally, direct and indirect price elasticity of demand are derived mathematically. Also, firm and market theories apply elasticity to assess the price sensitivity of input demand, production, firm supply, and market representation.